NERC or the North American Electrical Reliability Corporation is among the largest nonprofit organizations that continue to promote reliable and standard power generation, distribution and transmission. Their authority covers the United States and Canada.
With their outstanding standards and promotion of reliable electrical power generation, transmission and distribution for the host countries they serve, NERC has earned a very positive reputation in bringing efficient and effective standards for power systems through their array of NERC reliability standards.
With so many regulation responsibilities they need to cover, their NERC compliance have been one of the mostly adapted power generation, transmission and distribution standard used by companies in the industry. The compliance aimed to provide safety and efficiency to all generation and distribution companies operating using different kinds of power sources.
How to Apply NERC Standards
In lieu with their effective compliance and regulatory standards, there are, however, key ways that the NERC observe when ensuring compliance of a company using their standards.
1. Monitoring. The first step to applying NERC standards is the monitoring phase. In this situation, the power-plant is investigated, assessed, evaluated and audited by NERC to measure and specify possible improvements and changes that the power plant shall need to do.
2. Enforcement. The enforcement phase is when all the necessary changes and improvements made are fully implemented and regulated in the power-plant. This may include orientation of employees working in the power-plant, ensuring that they also know the changes and the current standards and compliance procedures of the workplace and the whole operation. During enforcement, NERC can still continue to address changes if ever they saw ineffectiveness of the implemented regulations to the power plant.
3. Registration and Certification. The registration process includes the registration and recognition of power system operators to be fully functioning using reliability standards of NERC as required by NERC. While the certification process is the embodiment of the whole power plant and the company as a certified NERC-compliant company. The certification process shall include proper training and orientation of staffs, generation of resource that adequately support the needs of the power plant for safe, efficient and reliable operations for generation, transmission and distribution of electricity.
4. Regional compliance and monitoring. NERC continuously monitor certified power plant companies to ensure that they are regulated and monitored closely. With the help of regional compliance and monitoring programs they have implemented, they use this to avoid overlooking possible violations that power plant companies may commit in the process.
Who are required to comply?
All power plant companies providing bulk-power plant systems, power generation, power transmission and power distribution in the US and Canada are required to comply with NERC standards. The NERC has regional offices in the said countries where they can apply for NERC compliance certification to become a legally regulated company under NERC.